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What is History?

History in the National Curriculum can be summed up in just a few statements: ordering events in time; finding differences and similarities; writing and talking about the past; using different sources for information; asking and answering questions.


History at Phillimore

At Phillimore our aim when teaching history is to inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about British and the wider world’s historical heritage. We encourage an enquiry-based approach to our teaching, stimulating children to think critically and ask perceptive questions about the evidence that they are given.

We teach history as a separate subject to support the children’s understanding that they are learning about the past. However, the subject is also in the context of global citizenship, which explores differences and similarities between events, people, places, cultures and environments through time, and the interconnectedness and interdependence of our world’s history. Therefore, providing significant and meaningful insights to compliment and improve children’s deeper understanding of a historical topic.

In Key Stage 1, the aim is to secure children’s understanding of the passing of time and the similarities and differences between ways of life in different time periods.

In Key Stage 2 we study significant events of British, local and world history to secure knowledge and understanding of world historical chronology. We believe this is more meaningful for our students, making them more motivated and leading to a higher level of understanding for the child.

The subjects taught in each year group are listed below:


Foundation Stage

Understanding the world: festivals and events from around the world; understanding who we (our family and friends) are now and in the past; learning about the past through stories.

Key Stage 1

Year 1 

Local history including housing and playing.

Key events and people in British history: kings, queens and castles; World War 2; history of the seaside.

Key events and people in World history including women who changed the world, and explorers.

Year 2

Local history including factories and industry.

Introduction to key events and people in British History, such as The Great Fire of London, Florence Nightingale, Robin Hood and Isambard Kingdom Brunell.

Key events and people in World history including Ghandi and Great Thunberg.

Key Stage 2

Year 3 Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age; World War 2.

Year 4 The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain; Ancient Egypt.

Year 5 Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots; The Ancient Greeks.

Year 6 The Victorians, particularly Victorian inventions; The Ancient Mayan civilization.


National curriculum and Essentials curriculum links

Subject progression Document

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