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What is Geography?

For many people, Geography means knowing where places are. Geography is the study of places on Earth and their relationship with each other. Often Geography starts with looking at the home and community and expands as the child gains more experience. Geography provides a conceptual link for children between home, school and the world beyond. Geography is rich in material that relates to international understanding, multi-cultural concerns and environmental education.

The tools of geography help us understand places. The tool most frequently used is maps, but also different types of statistical information, photographs and images. Geography also uses observation and field work.

In Geography we use the terms locational knowledge, place knowledge, geographical skills and field work, human and physical geography.

Our Aims:

  • Help children understand the world

    • Through the study of geography children learn to read maps and interpret information at a local and global level.

    • Children are able to use data from maps, tables, graphs and texts to recognise and solve problems.

    • As a major nation with significant commitments across the globe England needs citizens who have basic knowledge of other parts of the world as well as our own country and understand the international relationships and the role England plays in them.

  • Help children understand their own country

    • Knowledge of Geography helps children become better citizens

    • They learn to understand the relationship between geography and national or international policies and can use geographical knowledge to make informed decisions about the best use of the nation’s resources.

    • Geographic knowledge helps children ask important questions about policies that lead to changes in landscape and land use.

The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes

  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time

  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:

    • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes

    • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

    • Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

Geography at Phillimore Primary School:

Geography is divided into two Key Stages and is taught alongside the Learning Journey of different year groups. At Phillimore we integrate Geography into the curriculum, it is not taught as a stand-alone subject.

In Key Stage 1 children develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.
To view the yearly overview of Geography in each year group please click on the link below.
How to help your child with Geography – more information